Impact of HIV testing and counseling (HTC) on sexual risk behavior amongst youth 17-24 years in Muhoroni sub-county, Kisumu County, Kenya
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Abstract

This study aimed at determining the impact of HIV counseling and testing on sexual risk behavior among the youth between 17-24 years in Muhoroni sub-county, Kisumu County in Kenya. The sexual risk behaviors studies were: having multiple sex partners and engaging in unprotected sex. Theory of planned behavior is determined by personal factors, social factors and perceived behavioral control. Simple random sampling procedure was used to sample 240 youth (137 ales and 103 female) within the age bracket of 17-24 years who had accessed HIV testing and counseling in the past six months. Each of the was given a questionnaire to elicit response on individual characteristic and behaviors and assess their views on HIV testing and counseling interventions. According to the study findings, 42.65% and 52% males and females respectively stated going for HIV test because of being involved in unprotected sex, only 6.515  (3N) MALES AND 7.235 (6n) female gave a correct description of condom use. In this study the results showed the counselor spent an average of 27.29 minutes with every male client and 27.73 minutes with every female client. The amount of time they spent with the counselor is not sufficient for exploration of these risky behaviors and development of life skills. Standard deviation of 12.29 among the male youth and 11.857 among female youth reveals heterogeneous characteristics of the youth that require an individualized tailor made approach on issues for discussion and allocation of time depending on the weight of the sexual risk assessment. There should be meticulous evaluation of HTC intervention in order to test, refine and maximize the preventive benefits of learning one’s HIV status.

 

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