The effectiveness of psychological debriefing as a strategy intervention in control of crime and deviant behaviour. A case study of Kenya Medical Training
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Abstract:

Psychological debriefing has been described as an intervention after a catastrophe, allowing victims to talk about their experience and receive information of the catastrophe, going through each stage of events. The study sought to find out if the effectiveness of psychological debriefing as a strategy intervention can control and reduced crime and deviant behaviour. The study also wanted to find out if the implementation of P.D schedules given on a period of a time frame increases the awareness of crime and deviant behaviour. To identify which model of P.D can be considered as a solution rather than a part of an integrated counselling treatment program. To find out if early P.D intervention will lessen stress situation causes by crime and deviant behaviour. To find out if the approaches ofP.D implementation can be used as a management tool to control crime and deviant behaviour to larger population and settlement. And to determine if PD intervention can be used as an orientation for security and mitigation measures. The study was conducted to investigate the P.D effectiveness in the medical training in control of crime and deviant behaviour among staffs and students. The study had 100 respondents from the four selected colleges population who were divided using the Andrew Fischer method to determine the sample. Both qualitative and quantitative data were used in the study. Qualitative data was collected from the key informants who were the staff and students through interview. Quantitative data was analysed using the statistical package for social science S.P.S.S) which gave the result in form of tabular and graphical presentation and the data analysis by using the descriptor statistical percentage. The study revealed that routine provisions of an early PD intervention can have a major effect on behaviour which includes the physiological, emotional and cognitive influence. The study also found that an early intervention can control maladaptive and disruptive cognitive and behavioural patterns of crime and deviant behaviours. The study also determine the effectiveness of P.D in the respondents who were tested show a higher percentage of awareness then the respondents who were not tested towards crimes and security precautions in the medical training. The study also identifies the two key models which were used as a strategy intervention which inciuded the organization of the P.D models and the time - frame schedules. Finally the study determine if P.D can prevent stress. It showed that group (a) which were given the PD innovation test agree that stress decreased while group B, were not sure of their level of their distress. Based on the result of the study, a number of recommendation and suggestion were made the key recommendation were a clearly defined model and guideline of P.D should be used with time - frame schedule's and debriefing intervention by trained professional. A monitoring and evaluation of occurrence and events should integrate with the P.D, P.D is a solution problem solving rather than a part of an integrated counselling treatment programme.

 

Author: 
Ang'awa, Charles O P
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